am writing, apocalypse, apocalyptic fiction, Book of Revelation, books, collapse of civilization, death, end of the world, Epic of Gilgamesh, fiction, future, hope, human experience, human spirit, humanity, Hunger Games, story, survival, writing, Writing Life
The other day, my wife and I were hiking through Point Defiance when our conversation turned to the end of the world. If there was a major natural or man-made disaster, how would we survive? Would we be able to hunt the deer in the park? Or should we aim to steal a boat from the marina and make our way to her parents’ house on the other side of the bridge? I think we’ve all had these conversations — even if it’s only in our heads — where we’ve wondered whether we have what it takes to survive the end of the world.
Apocalyptic fiction has a long history in the Western canon. Some of the earliest texts referencing a humanity-destroying calamity include a version of Noah’s Flood in the Epic of Gilgamesh in the third millennium B.C.E. and the Book of Revelation in the first century. Since WWII and the splitting of the atom, books exploring the collapse of civilization have been gaining in popularity. The Hunger Games Trilogy, a series set in a post-apocalyptic North America, has sold an estimated 36.5 million copies.
As a society, we are fascinated — even obsessed — with every kind of apocalypse imaginable. In fiction, I’ve seen the Earth burned to a crisp by asteroids, decimated by the super flu, torn apart by nuclear warfare, eaten by zombies, and reduced to fighting over dwindling natural resources. In books, movies, and comics, we are drawn to dark portrayals of our own demise. Why? Does humanity have a death wish?
I don’t think so. When I reread and rewatch my favorite apocalyptic books and movies, I don’t see pessimism. I see hope; hope for the future. I say that because apocalyptic texts seem to reach peak popularity in troubled times — times of war, economic strife, and civil unrest. When real life if bad, we project that into the art we create and I think we turn to end-of-the-world parables to remind ourselves that the world is really coming to an end. They remind us that all is not lost. Not yet, at least. Yet, believing that we’ll survive one disaster only to fall prey to another is fatalistic and not enormously optimistic. I see the roots of hope going deeper into the core of these stories.
Intentionally or not, fables about the collapse of civilization as we know it are hopeful because they never count us out completely. I never read an apocalyptic tale that didn’t have survivors. No matter the calamity, there is always someone left standing. Those characters often embody the best qualities of humanity — determination, creativity, and compassion — and find a way to rebuild their lives. In each of these narratives, humankind picks up the pieces of the broken world. The human spirit cannot be extinguished, even at the end of the world. Life goes on in the face of insurmountable odds, despite the best efforts of zombies, super viruses and legions of alien invaders.
If that isn’t a cause to hope for the future of our species, then I don’t know what is.
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