We need to do something about gun violence. This week, a student opened fire in a high school outside of Portland, Oregon, killing one student and injuring a teacher. It would be shocking enough if the Oregon tragedy was an isolated outburst of violence, but it isn’t. It’s the fourth multiple shooting in the United States in the last six days and the 74th school shooting since the Newtown massacre of 2012.
A lot of good articles have already been written about every angle of this epidemic. We’ve blamed the lack of mental healthcare in our country, cyberbullying, video games and the availability of guns, but I think writers have a role to play, too.
Let me begin with a disclaimer: While I do make an effort to focus this blog on writing and not my opinions on current events, I think it’s important that we examine the way we talk about acts of violence. As writers, readers and storytellers, we have an enormous amount of power to shape public perception of these events, whether you’re a reporter, a columnist, a blogger or someone who shares their thoughts on social media. The words we use in our telling and retelling of these tragedies and details we include has an impact.
It all begins with the 24-hour news cycle. The instant a shot rings out across a college campus, the news hits websites and news feeds around the world. Our hunger for information drives reporters to go beyond the play-by-play of the shooting. We uncover the shady details of the shooter’s home life, his demons, his Facebook rants, how his kills rank against past shooters. We pick apart his methods and motivations. And in the eyes of some would-be shooter, the perpetrator of these crimes becomes a larger-than-life figure. The shooter becomes a cultural icon that overshadows the victims and the community. It may make for juicier cover stories, but it could be perpetuating the cycle of violence.
To be fair, the evidence that the media contributes to copycat shootings is mostly anecdotal. We don’t really know what drives a person to commit mass murder. According to Dr. Alex Mesoudi of Durham University, it is difficult to pinpoint a single trigger for mass shootings, but it is possible that media coverage itself encourages people who are merely troubled to get their 15 minutes of fame on the national stage. In a 2013 article, Dr. Mesoudi writes:
“Despite the confidence of many of these commentators in their views, empirical research into mass shootings is far less conclusive, and points to a confluence of factors. The availability of guns surely plays a role, as indicated by the sudden drop in mass shootings in Australia following a ban on semi-automatic shotguns and rifles. But while the availability of guns is necessary, it is surely not sufficient. Some perpetrators may suffer from some form of mental illness such as antisocial personality disorder, but the frequency of psychosis or severe mental illness amongst mass shooters is surprisingly rare. The effects of violence in movies, television and video games continues to be studied and debated: violent video games can trigger aggressive behaviour in a laboratory setting, but whether this extends to real-life cases of mass shootings is uncertain.
One potential cause of mass shootings that receives little attention in the mass media, however, is the mass media themselves. It may be that, simply by devoting continual, non-stop coverage to these events, the media may be encouraging ‘copycat’ mass shootings.”
It’s easy to get caught up in our curiosity. We all want to understand the motivations that cause our neighbors to become senseless killers. That curiosity is a natural impulse, but we should be aware that sensational coverage of a shooting can send the wrong message to the segment of Americans who might idolize murderers.
We shouldn’t give these people the spotlight. As tempting as it is to tease out the background of a killer, we need to resist that temptation. We’re telling a dangerous story; one that can be twisted to support a desire to cause harm. It can even lead to further bloodshed. When we write about shootings or talk about them with friends, we need to change the way we talk about them. The other day, my girlfriend and I were talking about the paranoia and ideology that motivated the murder of two police officers and a bystander in Las Vegas this weekend. And I realized that I don’t actually have any desire to know who these men were and why they felt the need to gun down three people in cold blood.
The shootings that are rocking this nation should not serve the shooters. We should remember the victims. We should recognize the heroes. We should push our elected officials to pass good legislation. We should change the way people get access to guns. We should build an infrastructure for mental healthcare. We should have a national conversation about violence. We should teach our boys and young men that slaughter is unacceptable. But we should do it without throwing fuel on the fire.
In Canada, the Sun News Network is doing exactly this. Following a recent multiple shooting, the network chose not to report the shooter’s name or show his picture. In an editorial defending the decision they wrote: “It’s easy to report on the life of the killer, to scour his deranged Facebook page, to speculate about motive, but doing so could actually encourage the perception that his heinous acts are somehow justified. We will not help give this killer his blaze of glory.”
We are a long way from addressing violence in this country. There are many causes and there will be many solutions to gradually chip away at the phenomenon until it only exists in memory. Maybe the first step is changing the story we tell. Maybe the first step is to take away the blaze of glory.
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Jonny Eberle is a writer in Tacoma, WA. Please share this with your friends. Let’s start a discussion. You can comment below or on Twitter. Thanks for reading.
9 responses to “Let’s Change the Narrative About Mass Shootings in America”
I agree whole-heartedly, let’s keep these perps out of the limelight. No more glorifying the reasons, or the madness.
Thanks for reading. Now, I hope we can actually change something.
Well said, Jonny.
Share your opinions anytime you like. Your voice should be heard.
Thanks, Hook. But remember you said that when I start ranting about the World Cup.
I want to preface my comment by saying that stopping gun violence in this country is one of the things I am most passionate about. And aside from legislation I think the biggest thing that we can do to stop this from happening is to provide help to people who need it. To see the signs of someone who is troubled and might take those troubles out on others in a violent fashion and stop it before it happens. But the only way to recognize potential threats is to look at the signs of previous killers. So that if someone in our lives has similar signs we can get them help before they do something like hurt others. At the memorial service for Claire, the only victim of the Arapahoe High School shooting in December, her parents made a statement that touched me. They made a plea to everyone there to not forget about Karl, the shooter, and to look for signs of other Karl’s in our lives, look for those who are troubled and need help. If we can spot the symptoms and signs of a potentially disturbed person who might cause harm shouldn’t we be spreading that. I agree that the media maybe takes it a step too far and regards the killed with a sense of fascination that causes them to become infamous. So maybe instead of not talking about the killers at all or talking about them as notorious cinema worthy villains, we refocus to look at the killers and spread awareness of what mental illnesses and potential threats to the well being of both the mentally ill and those around them looks like. And provide ways for the mentally ill to get help.
I think you are absolutely right. The thing we should learn from these tragedies is how to prevent them in the future and part of that is certainly educating people to recognize signs of mental illness.
I think the media has a role to play in informing that awareness and a national discussion about mental health. I just worry about the potentially destructive side effects of sensationalizing mass killings for the sake of ratings.
I don’t think we should bury information that may be useful in identifying potentially disturbed people and getting them the help they need, but that may need to be a separate conversation that happens after the initial event has calmed down to avoid copycats.
Thanks for sharing, Emily. You raise good points!
The endless focus on the killer is one of the things that drives me nuts about the media. Over at my TacomaStories.com page I’ve spent the last few years writing about every homicide victim in Tacoma. I go out of my way not to mention anything about the killer beyond what happened. The result has been numerous emails from victims’ families and friends, many of them saying my article was the only one that mentioned anything about their loved one.
It’s a sad state when we focus on the perpetrator instead of the victims. Thank you for changing the way those stories are told in Tacoma. I’ve really enjoyed wandering around your site. Keep it up.
Hey Jonny, this brings up so many important issues that should be looked at from an educational stand point. During undergrad, my capstone for my criminology degree was studying school violence. We covered everything. From cyber bullying and its affects to a broken family life. The only time we studied the killer side of the story, was when it came to Columbine. Which I am sad to say is no longer a hot study subject and it has only been 2 years since I took the class. The book we used to study was “Columbine” by Dave Cullen. It took an interesting look into the minds of the killers with only a few chapters here or there about the families. If I remember correctly Cullen mentions multiple times how the media focused in and harassed the families of the two shooters while ignoring the families of the victims UNLESS there was something note worthy. For example the discussion and argument as to whether or not one of the victims was asked “do you believe in God?.” That opened up a whole new realm of reports but eventually it all came back full circle to the killer and his motives. Remember the one ROAD discussion Fritz let me lead. I feel like the media gets lost often on what the more important news to report actually is. They should print out your blog and use it as a guideline. I think one of the most important stories to tell or facts to report is the bystander. The after affects of something like Columbine, Virginia Tech, or Newtown on a bystander are simply remarkable. Ha… Want to co-author a book? Thanks for opening up the discussion on a subject so many people seem to be afraid to have.